Nature's Gigantic Heat Engine

Typhoon Related Calamities

Typhoons are undoubtedly one of the mightiest and most devastating forces of nature. They travel great distances and last long enough in the atmosphere to wreck a path of fear and destruction in their wake.

Some of the dangers associated with typhoons are:

Storm surge - Storm surge is a large dome of water often 50 to 100 miles wide that sweeps across the coastline near where a typhoon makes landfall. The stronger the typhoon and the shallower the offshore water, the higher the surge will be. Along the immediate coast, storm surge is the greatest threat to life and property.

Heavy rain - Widespread torrential rains can produce deadly and destructive floods.

High winds - Typhoon force winds can destroy poorly constructed buildings and other structures. Debris become flying missiles in typhoons. Strong gusts can down trees and power lines causing massive disruption.

Weather Advisories and Warnings

The Malaysian Meteorological Service maintains a constant vigilance on the weather throughout the year. During the "typhoon season", monitoring efforts are intensified as the position and behaviour of all typhoons in the western North Pacific region are meticulously tracked. This information forms an integral part of the flight weather information provided to the aviation and shipping sectors.

The different categories of weather statements, outlooks, advisories and warnings issued to the mass media are:

Heavy Rainfall Advisories - issued when there is a possibility of heavy rainfall occurrence within 24 to 48 hours.

Heavy Rainfall Warning - issued when latest information received indicate that heavy rainfall is expected.

Strong Wind and Rough Sea Advisories - issued when there is a possibility of strong wind and rough seas within Malaysian waters within 24 to 48 hours.

Strong Wind and Rough Seas Warnings - issued when latest information received indicate that strong wind and rough seas are expected


Important Points to Note


Listen to the radio and television for regular broadcasts of weather bulletins and other announcements.

Take appropriate measures to avoid possible damage or loss of life due to flooding if a tropical storm develops or moves into your vicinity.

When driving in highland areas under torrential rain, watch out for landslips.

If a tropical storm is expected to hit your area, secure all loose objects that could be blown away by strong winds.

Avoid going out to sea when a tropical storm or typhoon approaches.

Prepare to evacuate if you live in coastal areas or near river banks.