Meghalaya, Literally "the abode of
clouds" was made an autonomous state on 2nd April'1970 and full
fledged state on 21st January'1972. It is a mountainous region having
Garo, Khasi and Jaintia hills. Shillong is situated in the Centre of a
high plateau and is called "the Scotland of the East". The highest
peak is Shillong peak 1965 metres high.
The Khasi, Jaintia, Bhoi, War collectively
known as the Hynniewtrep people live in east Meghalaya, while Garos live
in the western part. Garos belong to the Bodo family and said to have
migrated from Tibet. They call themselves as Achiks and the area they
inhavit as Achikland.
PLACES OF TOURIST
Shillong derives its name from its creator
called Shulong, born to a peasant girl, king of the princely state of
Shyllong. The city has a good climate and the places worth visiting area
- Wards Lake : In the
heart of the city, good for boating.
- Umiam Lake (17Km) :
offers water sports - sailing, water skiing, water scooter, etc. Lum
Nehru Park is ideal for holidaying.
- Shillong Peak : The
highest poing gives a panoramic view of the scenic countryside. In the
night, the city lights below appear like a star-studded abyss.
- Sophetbneng Peak (20Km):
is regarded sacred by the Hynniew trep people. This "Navel of
Heaven" as per Khasi mythology is a heavenly peak.
- Botanical Garden has
plethora of indigenous and exotic plants and is located near Ward's
- Lady Hydari Park a
charming tourist draw also has a mini zoo.
- Golf Course, Third
oldest in India, termed as the "Glen eagle of the East".
- State Museum in the
Central Library complex gives a glimpse of the heritage of
- Bishop & Beadon
Falls are cascades in a deep valley.
- Elephant Falls is on
the outskirts of the city.
- Spread Eagle Falls is a
treat to the eyes.
- Crinoline Falls are
near Lady Hyndari Park.
- Sweet Falls near Happy
Valley, is a picnic spot.
- Cherrapunje (56 Km) is
the rainiest place in the world. One can see many waterfalls on the way
including Nohsngithiang falls. Place is known for limestone caves and
- Mawsynram (56 Km) is
known for giant stalagmite formation shaped into a shi-linga.
situated 64 Km away from Shillong along the Shillong-Silchar National
Highway. A picturesque town circled by majestic Myntdu river.
- Thadiaskein Lake was
dug with the ends of bows by members of 290 clans to commemorate their
settlement in this region.
- Nartiang was the summer
capital of Jaintia kings of Sutnga state. Temples and monoliths are main
- Syndal Village is
dotted with a number of caves used as hide-outs during war times.
- Tura : The area is
known for its abundance of wildlife. It has a picturesque landscape of
hills against a back drop of lowlying plains. Sun-set view is good from
Tura peak, which can be reached by a 5 Km trek.
- Balpakram (167 Km from
Tura) is a National Wildlife Park, also known as the "abode of
- Naphak Lake (112 Km from
Tura) is ideal for fishing and bird watching.
- Siju Caves are famous
limestone caves, located near Naphak Lake and the Simsang game reserve.
The formation of stalagmites and stalactites resemble those of the Blue
Grotto in the isle of Capri.
|Nongkrem Dance, Celebrated in Khasi Hills
during autumn season.
Shad Suk Mynsiem,
Celebrated in Khasi Hills during the spring time, is a thanks giving
in Jaintia Hills during monsoons. It is invoke the blessings of the
Wangala, a major festival
of Garos, celebrated during autumn after the harvest season, linked with
warrior's dance of Hundred